British painter of visionary subjects, born in Plymouth. He studied at Plymouth School of Art, 1923–7, and at the Royal College of Art, 1927–31. In 1936 he took part in the International Surrealist Exhibition in London, but he quickly repudiated Surrealism. He had a mystical outlook and was influenced by the prophetic writings of William Blake and by the American artist Mark Tobey, who introduced him to the Baha’i religion and to the art and philosophy of the Far East (Tobey was artist-in-residence at Dartington Hall in Devon, 1931–8, and Collins taught there, 1939–43). In 1947 Collins settled in Cambridge and in that year published his book The Vision of the Fool, in which he explains his philosophy of art and life.
In 1940 he began a long series of paintings and drawings, originally entitled ‘The Holy Fool’ but later renamed ‘The Vision of the Fool’ in accordance with the title of his book; The Sleeping Fool (1943, Tate) is an example. His work also included the design of a large Shakespearean tapestry (1949) for the British embassy in Washington and an altarpiece (1973) for Chichester Cathedral. A retrospective exhibition of his work opened at the Tate Gallery a month before his death. His wife, Elizabeth Collins (1904–2000), was also a painter.